Empirical Potential-Energy Surfaces Fitting Using Feed forward Neural Networks Chapter uri icon

abstract

  • When the system of interest becomes too complex to permit the use of ab initio methods to obtain the system potential-energy surfaces (PES), empirical potential surfaces are frequently employed to represent the force fields present in the system under investigation. In most cases, the functional forms present in these potentials are selected on the basis of chemical and physical intuitions. The parameters of the surface are frequently adjusted to fit a very small set of experimental data that comprise bond energies, equilibrium bond distances and angles, fundamental vibrational frequencies, and perhaps measured barrier heights to reactions of interest. Such potentials generally yield only qualitative or semiquantitative descriptions of the system dynamics. Several research groups have significantly improved the accuracy of the values of the experimental properties computed using empirical potential surfaces by fitting the chosen functional form for the potential to the force fields obtained from trajectories using ab initio Car-Parrinello molecular dynamics simulations. The fitting to the force fields is usually done using a least-squares fitting approach. This method has been employed by Izvekov et al. to obtain effective non-polarizable three-site force fields for liquid water. CarrĂ© et al. have employed such a procedure to obtain a new pair potential for silica. In their investigation, the vector of potential parameters was fitted using an iterative Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm. Tangney and Scandolo have also developed an interatomic force field for liquid SiO2 in which the parameters were fitted to the forces, stresses, and energies obtained from ab initio calculations. Ercolessi and Adams have used a quasi-Newtonian procedure to fit an empirical potential for aluminum to data obtained from first-principals computations. Empirical potentials can be improved by making the parameters parameterized functions of the coordinates defining the instantaneous positions of the atoms of the system. This approach has been successfully employed by numerous investigators The difficulty with this procedure is that the number of parameters that must be adjusted increases rapidly. Appropriate fitting of these parameters requires a much more extensive database. Finally, the actual fitting process can often be tedious, difficult, and time-consuming.

author list (cited authors)

  • Raff, L., Komanduri, R., Hagan, M., & Bukkapatnam, S.

citation count

  • 0

Book Title

  • Neural Networks in Chemical Reaction Dynamics

publication date

  • February 2012