Directed Hybrid Random Networks Mixing Preferential Attachment with Uniform Attachment Mechanisms Academic Article uri icon


  • Motivated by the complexity of network data, we propose a directed hybrid random network that mixes preferential attachment (PA) rules with uniform attachment (UA) rules. When a new edge is created, with probability $pin [0,1]$, it follows the PA rule. Otherwise, this new edge is added between two uniformly chosen nodes. Such mixture makes the in- and out-degrees of a fixed node grow at a slower rate, compared to the pure PA case, thus leading to lighter distributional tails. Useful inference methods for the proposed hybrid model are then provided and applied to both synthetic and real datasets. We see that with extra flexibility given by the parameter $p$, the hybrid random network provides a better fit to real-world scenarios, where lighter tails from in- and out-degrees are observed.

author list (cited authors)

  • Wang, T., & Zhang, P.

complete list of authors

  • Wang, Tiandong||Zhang, Panpan

publication date

  • January 2021