Salt Engineering of Aripiprazole with Polycarboxylic Acids to Improve Physicochemical Properties.
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Aripiprazole (APZ) has poor physicochemical properties and bitter taste. The current study aimed to prepare salts of APZ with polycarboxylic acids (citric, malic, and tartaric acids) to improve physicochemical properties and impart sour taste to the drug. The salts were prepared by solubilization-crystallization method, and characterized by electron microscopic, spectroscopic, diffractometry, and thermal methods. The salts were assessed for pH solubility, pH-stability, dissolution, and solid-state stability. Fourier transformed infrared, X-ray powder diffraction, and differential scanning calorimetry data indicated formation of new solid phases. APZ and the salts exhibited pH-dependent solubility. The pH solubility curve shape was inverted "V," inverted "W," and inverted "U" for APZ, APZ-Citrate, and APZ-Malate and APZ-Tartrate, respectively. Compared to APZ, the solubility of salts at pH4, 5, and 6 was 3.6-7.1, 23.9-31.5, and 143.4-373.3 folds of APZ. Increase in solubility in water by citrate, malate, and tartrate salts was 5562.8, 21,284.7, and 22,846.7 folds of APZ. The salt formation also leads to an increase in rate and extent of dissolution. The dissolution extent was 3.50.5, 71.31.2, 80.16.2, and 86.11.1% for APZ, APZ-Citrate, APZ-Malate, and APZ-Tartrate, respectively. Liquid and solid-state stabilities of the salts were comparable to APZ. In conclusion, salts of APZ with polycarboxylic acids improved solubility, and dissolution, and impart sour taste, which may improve palatability of the drug.
author list (cited authors)
Afrooz, H., Mohamed, E. M., Barakh Ali, S. F., Dharani, S., Nutan, M., Khan, M. A., & Rahman, Z.
complete list of authors
Afrooz, Hamideh||Mohamed, Eman M||Barakh Ali, Sogra F||Dharani, Sathish||Nutan, Mohammad TH||Khan, Mansoor A||Rahman, Ziyaur