Fully Distributed Adaptive NN-Based Consensus Protocol for Nonlinear MASs: An Attack-Free Approach.
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This article works on the consensus problem of nonlinear multiagent systems (MASs) under directed graphs. Based on the local output information of neighboring agents, fully distributed adaptive attack-free protocols are designed, where speaking of attack-free protocol, we mean that the observer information transmission via communication channel is forbidden during the whole course. First, the fixed-time observer is introduced to estimate both the local state and the consensus error based on the local output and the relative output measurement among neighboring agents. Then, an observer-based protocol is generated by the consensus error estimation, where the adaptive gains are designed to estimate the unknown neural network constant weight matrix and the upper bound of the residual error vector. Furthermore, the fully distributed adaptive attack-free consensus protocol is proposed by introducing an extra adaptive gain to estimate the communication connectivity information. The proposed protocols are in essence attack-free since no observer information exchange among agents is undertaken during the whole process. Moreover, such a design structure takes the advantage of releasing communication burden.