DNA aptamer-based rolling circle amplification product as a novel immunological adjuvant
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Several agonists to CD40 have shown to induce acquired immune responses. Here, we developed and evaluated the rolling circle amplification (RCA) products that are based on anti-CD40 DNA aptamers as a novel vaccine adjuvant. First, we developed DNA aptamers with specific binding affinity to chicken CD40 extra domain (chCD40ED). Next, we prepared the RCA products that consist of these aptamers to increase the spanning space and overall binding affinity to chCD40ED. Using 8 DNA aptamer candidates, 4 aptamer-based RCA products (aptamer RCAs) were generated, each consisting of two distinct aptamers. We demonstrated that all 4 aptamer RCAs significantly induced the signal transduction in chicken HD11 macrophage cell line (p < 0.05). Finally, we conjugated one of the aptamer RCAs (Aptamer RCA II) to M2e epitope peptide of influenza virus as a model hapten, and the immune complex was injected to chickens. Aptamer RCA II stimulated anti-M2e IgG antibody production to the level significantly higher as compared to the control (M2e epitope alone; p < 0.05). The results of our work suggest that aptamer RCA is a novel platform to boost the efficacy of vaccines, which might find broad applications to other antigens beyond M2e epitope evaluated in this study using chicken infection model.
author list (cited authors)
Al-Ogaili, A. S., Liyanage, R., Lay, J. O., Jiang, T., Vuong, C. N., Agrawal, S., ... Kwon, Y. M.