Application of a novel microwave energy treatment on brewers’ spent grain (BSG): Effect on its functionality and chemical characteristics
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The effect of a new microwave energy treatment on brewers' spent grain (BSG) functionality and its application in a bakery product was evaluated. The physicochemical modifications of BSG were studied with special emphasis on the analysis of non-enzymatic browning reactions. Microwave treatment induced the formation of Maillard reaction products with a high antioxidant activity. The structure of these compounds was fully analyzed and it was concluded that melanoidins were formed by polymerization of furanose rings. Results indicated that chlorogenic acids were also reactants involved in the development of this reaction, leading to the formation of new bioaccesible compounds with important antioxidant activity. Although the addition of BSG in cookie formulations negatively affect their texture, this effect was successfully reduced when the microwave treatment was applied on BSG. This was associated to the disrupting effect that the microwaves had on BSG fiber, which significantly reduced its water absorption index (p ≤ 0.05).
author list (cited authors)
Patrignani, M., Brantsen, J. F., Awika, J. M., & Conforti, P. A.