Isopropanol dehydration reaction rate kinetics measurement using H2O time histories Academic Article uri icon


  • AbstractH2O formation during thermal decomposition of isopropanol was measured behind reflected shock waves at temperatures ranging from 1127 to 1621K at an average pressure of 1.42atm using a laser absorption technique. Of the five modern chemical kinetics models used to compare the H2O time histories, the model from Li etal (Combust. Flame 2019;207:171185) showed the best overall agreement. Sensitivity and rate of production analyses using the Li etal model (as well as those from AramcoMech 3.0, CRECK, and Togbe etal (Energy Fuel. 2011;25:676683)) showed unimolecular dehydration of isopropanol, iC3H7OH H2O+C3H6 (R1), is nearly the sole reaction controlling H2O production at early times, allowing for an a priori measurement of the forward rate constant k1. The Arrhenius expression k1 (s1)=2.601013exp(31120K/T) was determined to represent best the data from this study. According to the models and previous experimental investigations, the pressure investigated is well within the highpressure limit (HPL) for this reaction. Additional, higherpressure experiments also confirmed the HPL assumption. An uncertainty analysis was performed by varying secondary reactions within their uncertainties and examining their effect on the overall prediction, establishing an uncertainty within 20% for all but the highest temperature cases, which have a maximum uncertainty of 40%. Experiments conducted with a radical trapper, toluene, showed little influence from radical chemistry, suggesting this estimated uncertainty is fairly conservative. Experimental data from Heyne etal (Z Phys Chem. 2015;229:881907) were found to be in good agreement with the rate measurements from this study and, therefore, a second Arrhenius expression, k1 (s1)=2.111013 exp(30820K/T), was found to represent both datasets well. This second expression has a larger temperature range of 9761621K. The present study provides the first hightemperature data collected for this reaction, adding to the limited data available for isopropanol in the literature.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Cooper, S. P., Mulvihill, C. R., Mathieu, O., & Petersen, E. L.

citation count

  • 5

complete list of authors

  • Cooper, Sean P||Mulvihill, Clayton R||Mathieu, Olivier||Petersen, Eric L

publication date

  • April 2021