Periodontal cell mechanotransduction. Academic Article uri icon


  • The periodontium is a structurally and functionally complex tissue that facilitates the anchorage of teeth in jaws. The periodontium consists of various cell types including stem cells, fibroblasts and epithelial cells. Cells of the periodontium are constantly exposed to mechanical stresses generated by biological processes such as the chewing motions of teeth, by flows generated by tongue motions and by forces generated by implants. Mechanical stresses modulate the function of cells in the periodontium, and may play a significant role in the development of periodontal disease. Here, we review the literature on the effect of mechanical forces on periodontal cells in health and disease with an emphasis on molecular and cellular mechanisms.

published proceedings

  • Open Biol

author list (cited authors)

  • Chukkapalli, S. S., & Lele, T. P.

citation count

  • 20

complete list of authors

  • Chukkapalli, Sasanka S||Lele, Tanmay P

publication date

  • August 2018