Repair of nuclear ruptures requires barrier-to-autointegration factor. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Cell nuclei rupture following exposure to mechanical force and/or upon weakening of nuclear integrity, but nuclear ruptures are repairable. Barrier-to-autointegration factor (BAF), a small DNA-binding protein, rapidly localizes to nuclear ruptures; however, its role at these rupture sites is unknown. Here, we show that it is predominantly a nonphosphorylated cytoplasmic population of BAF that binds nuclear DNA to rapidly and transiently localize to the sites of nuclear rupture, resulting in BAF accumulation in the nucleus. BAF subsequently recruits transmembrane LEM-domain proteins, causing their accumulation at rupture sites. Loss of BAF impairs recruitment of LEM-domain proteins and nuclear envelope membranes to nuclear rupture sites and prevents nuclear envelope barrier function restoration. Simultaneous depletion of multiple LEM-domain proteins similarly inhibits rupture repair. LEMD2 is required for recruitment of the ESCRT-III membrane repair machinery to ruptures; however, neither LEMD2 nor ESCRT-III is required to repair ruptures. These results reveal a new role for BAF in the response to and repair of nuclear ruptures.

published proceedings

  • J Cell Biol

altmetric score

  • 22.05

author list (cited authors)

  • Halfmann, C. T., Sears, R. M., Katiyar, A., Busselman, B. W., Aman, L. K., Zhang, Q., ... Roux, K. J.

citation count

  • 75

complete list of authors

  • Halfmann, Charles T||Sears, Rhiannon M||Katiyar, Aditya||Busselman, Brook W||Aman, London K||Zhang, Qiao||O'Bryan, Christopher S||Angelini, Thomas E||Lele, Tanmay P||Roux, Kyle J

publication date

  • July 2019