LGBT Diversity and Inclusion, Community Characteristics, and Success Academic Article uri icon


  • Drawing from concepts in institutional theory, the purpose of this study was to examine how community measures intersect with lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender inclusiveness to predict organizational success. The authors collected publicly available data about National Collegiate Athletic Association departments (N = 65) and their communities. Moderated regression analyses demonstrated significant interactive effects, such that performance was highest when the department followed an inclusive strategy and (a) the lesbian, gay, and bisexual population density was high and (b) the state-level implicit bias toward sexual minorities was low. Importantly, there were no negative effects in following an inclusive strategy, even when institutional logics did not prescribe such an approach. The models explained 60–62% of the variance in performance. The authors discuss theoretical and practical implications.

published proceedings

  • Journal of Sport Management

altmetric score

  • 233.98

author list (cited authors)

  • Cunningham, G. B., & Nite, C.

citation count

  • 4

complete list of authors

  • Cunningham, George B||Nite, Calvin

publication date

  • November 2020