Mooring-Failure Monitoring of Submerged Floating Tunnel Using Deep Neural Network Academic Article uri icon


  • This paper presents a machine learning method for detecting the mooring failures of SFT (submerged floating tunnel) based on DNN (deep neural network). The floater-mooring-coupled hydro-elastic time-domain numerical simulations are conducted under various random wave excitations and failure/intact scenarios. Then, the big-data is collected at various locations of numerical motion sensors along the SFT to be used for the present DNN algorithm. In the input layer, tunnel motion-sensor signals and wave conditions are inputted while the output layer provides the probabilities of 21 failure scenarios. In the optimization stage, the numbers of hidden layers, neurons of each layer, and epochs for reliable performance are selected. Several activation functions and optimizers are also tested for the present DNN model, and Sigmoid function and Adamax are respectively adopted to enhance the classification accuracy. Moreover, a systematic sensitivity test with respect to the numbers and arrangements of sensors is performed to find the appropriate sensor combination to achieve target prediction accuracy. The technique of confusion matrix is used to represent the accuracy of the DNN algorithms for various cases, and the classification accuracy as high as 98.1% is obtained with seven sensors. The results of this study demonstrate that the DNN model can effectively monitor the mooring failures of SFTs utilizing real-time sensor signals.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Kwon, D., Jin, C., Kim, M., & Koo, W.

citation count

  • 6

complete list of authors

  • Kwon, Do-Soo||Jin, Chungkuk||Kim, MooHyun||Koo, Weoncheol

publication date

  • September 2020