Kernel Extreme Learning Machine: An Efficient Model for Estimating Daily Dew Point Temperature Using Weather Data Academic Article uri icon


  • Accurate estimation of dew point temperature (Tdew) has a crucial role in sustainable water resource management. This study investigates kernel extreme learning machine (KELM), boosted regression tree (BRT), radial basis function neural network (RBFNN), multilayer perceptron neural network (MLPNN), and multivariate adaptive regression spline (MARS) models for daily dew point temperature estimation at Durham and UC Riverside stations in the United States. Daily time scale measured hydrometeorological data, including wind speed (WS), maximum air temperature (TMAX), minimum air temperature (TMIN), maximum relative humidity (RHMAX), minimum relative humidity (RHMIN), vapor pressure (VP), soil temperature (ST), solar radiation (SR), and dew point temperature (Tdew) were utilized to investigate the applied predictive models. Results of the KELM model were compared with other models using eight different input combinations with respect to root mean square error (RMSE), coefficient of determination (R2), and NashSutcliffe efficiency (NSE) statistical indices. Results showed that the KELM models, using three input parameters, VP, TMAX, and RHMIN, with RMSE = 0.419 C, NSE = 0.995, and R2 = 0.995 at Durham station, and seven input parameters, VP, ST, RHMAX, TMIN, RHMIN, TMAX, and WS, with RMSE = 0.485 C, NSE = 0.994, and R2 = 0.994 at UC Riverside station, exhibited better performance in the modeling of daily Tdew. Finally, it was concluded from a comparison of the results that out of the five models applied, the KELM model was found to be the most robust by improving the performance of BRT, RBFNN, MLPNN, and MARS models in the testing phase at both stations.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Alizamir, M., Kim, S., Zounemat-Kermani, M., Heddam, S., Kim, N. W., & Singh, V. P.

citation count

  • 12

complete list of authors

  • Alizamir, Meysam||Kim, Sungwon||Zounemat-Kermani, Mohammad||Heddam, Salim||Kim, Nam Won||Singh, Vijay P

publication date

  • September 2020