Design and Optimization of Lamellar Phase Change Composites for Thermal Energy Storage Academic Article uri icon


  • Phase change materials offer thermal energy storage (TES) and are often integrated with high conductivity materials to increase power density. However, the design and optimization of such composites are historically based on intuition, as the computational techniques used to predict behavior in these systems are generally too expensive to perform parametric studies. Herein, a general design framework is developed and demonstrated that is optimized for TES in parallel lamellar structures, to identify the critical pitch required to treat the composite as a single effective medium and the optimum volume fraction of high conductivity material in the lamellar composite. The optimization criteria is tested experimentally using 3D printed AlSi12 alloy and octadecane. The composite system exhibits a critical pitch between a lamella of 1mm and the optimum volume fraction for the high conductivity material is 0.60.8. The design principles demonstrated here show that the size and volumes of conductive materials are much larger than the current state of the art, and this framework provides a holistic approach to design for such future materials for TES applications.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Tamraparni, A., Hoe, A., Deckard, M., Zhang, C., Elwany, A., Shamberger, P. J., & Felts, J. R.

citation count

  • 20

complete list of authors

  • Tamraparni, Achutha||Hoe, Alison||Deckard, Michael||Zhang, Chen||Elwany, Alaa||Shamberger, Patrick J||Felts, Jonathan R

publication date

  • January 2021