Spatially Controlled Templated Hydrogels for Orthopedic Interfacial Tissue Regeneration. Academic Article uri icon


  • Scaffolds that recapitulate the spatial complexity of orthopedic interfacial tissues are essential to their regeneration. This requires a method to readily and flexibly produce scaffolds with spatial control over physical and chemical properties, without resulting in hard interfaces. Herein, we produced hydrogel scaffolds with spatially tunable arrangements and chemistries (SSTACs). Using solvent-induced phase separation/fused salt templating (SIPS/salt), scaffold elements are initially prepared with a tunable pore size and with one or more UV-reactive macromers. After trimming to the desired dimensions, these are physically configured and fused together to form the SSTACs. Using this method, three SSTAC designs were prepared, including one that mimicked the osteochondral interface. Bright-field/fluorescent microscopy revealed spatial control of pore size and chemical composition across a relatively smooth and integrated interface, regardless of layer composition. An interface formed by a SSTAC was determined to withstand a similar shear force to an analogous scaffold with no interface.

published proceedings

  • ACS Macro Lett

altmetric score

  • 1

author list (cited authors)

  • Frassica, M. T., Demott, C. J., Ramirez, E. M., & Grunlan, M. A.

citation count

  • 4

complete list of authors

  • Frassica, Michael T||Demott, Connor J||Ramirez, Esteban M||Grunlan, Melissa A

publication date

  • January 2020