Formation of Coherent 1H-1T Heterostructures in Single-Layer MoS2 on Au(111). Academic Article uri icon


  • Heterojunctions of semiconductors and metals are the fundamental building blocks of modern electronics. Coherent heterostructures between dissimilar materials can be achieved by composition, doping, or heteroepitaxy of chemically different elements. Here, we report the formation of coherent single-layer 1H-1T MoS2 heterostructures by mechanical exfoliation on Au(111), which are chemically homogeneous with matched lattices but show electronically distinct semiconducting (1H phase) and metallic (1T phase) character, with the formation of these heterojunctions attributed to a combination of lattice strain and charge transfer. The exfoliation approach employed is free of tape residues usually found in many exfoliation methods and yields single-layer MoS2 with millimeter (mm) size on the Au surface. Raman spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), atomic force microscopy (AFM), scanning tunneling microscopy (STM), and scanning tunneling spectroscopy (STS) have collectively been employed to elucidate the structural and electronic properties of MoS2 monolayers on Au substrates. Bubbles in the MoS2 formed by the trapping of ambient adsorbates beneath the single layer during deposition, have also been observed and characterized. Our work here provides a basis to produce two-dimensional heterostructures which represent potential candidates for future electronic devices.

published proceedings

  • ACS Nano

altmetric score

  • 14.53

author list (cited authors)

  • Wu, F., Liu, Z., Hawthorne, N., Chandross, M., Moore, Q., Argibay, N., Curry, J. F., & Batteas, J. D.

citation count

  • 10

complete list of authors

  • Wu, Fanglue||Liu, Zhuotong||Hawthorne, Nathaniel||Chandross, Michael||Moore, Quentarius||Argibay, Nicolas||Curry, John F||Batteas, James D

publication date

  • December 2020