Deciphering the Aldolase Function of STM3780 from a Bovine Enteric Infection-Related Gene Cluster in Salmonella enterica Serotype Typhimurium Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Non-typhoidal Salmonella are capable of colonizing livestock and humans, where they can progressively cause disease. Previously, a library of targeted single-gene deletion mutants of Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium was inoculated to ligated ileal loops in calves to identify genes under selection. Of those genes identified, a cluster of genes is related to carbohydrate metabolism and transportation. It is proposed that an incoming carbohydrate is first phosphorylated by a phosphoenolpyruvate-dependent phosphotransferase system. The metabolite is further phosphorylated by the kinase STM3781 and then cleaved by the aldolase STM3780. STM3780 is functionally annotated as a class II fructose-bisphosphate aldolase. The aldolase was purified to homogeneity, and its aldol condensation activity with a range of aldehydes was determined. In the condensation reaction, STM3780 was shown to catalyze the abstraction of the pro-S hydrogen from C3 of dihydroxyacetone and subsequent formation of a carbon-carbon bond with S stereochemistry at C3 and R stereochemistry at C4. The best aldehyde substrate was identified as l-threouronate. Surprisingly, STM3780 was also shown to catalyze the condensation of two molecules of dihydroxyacetone phosphate to form the branched carbohydrate dendroketose bisphosphate.

author list (cited authors)

  • Zhi, Y., Xiang, D. F., Narindoshvili, T., Andrews-Polymenis, H., & Raushel, F. M.

publication date

  • January 1, 2020 11:11 AM