Pharmacokinetics of multiple doses of transdermal flunixin meglumine in adult Holstein dairy cows.
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A transdermal formulation of the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, flunixin meglumine, has been approved in the United States and Canada for single-dose administration. Transdermal flunixin meglumine was administered to 10 adult Holstein cows in their second or third lactation at the label dose of 3.33mg/kg every 24hr for three total treatments. Plasma flunixin concentrations were determined using high-pressure liquid chromatography with mass spectroscopy (HPLC-MS). Pharmacokinetic analysis was completed on each individual animal with noncompartmental methods using computer software. The time to maximum drug concentration (Tmax) was 2.81hr, and the maximum drug concentration was 1.08g/ml. The mean terminal half-life (T) was determined to be 5.20hr. Clearance per fraction absorbed (Cl/F) was calculated to be 0.294L/hrkg-1 , and volume of distribution of fraction (Vz/F) absorbed was 2.20L/kg. The mean accumulation factor was 1.10 after three doses. This indicates changes in dosing may not be required when giving multiple doses of flunixin transdermal. Further work is required to investigate the clinical efficacy of transdermal flunixin after multiple daily doses.
author list (cited authors)
Kleinhenz, M. D., Gorden, P. J., Smith, J. S., Schleining, J. A., Kleinhenz, K. E., Wulf, L. L., ... Coetzee, J. F.
complete list of authors
Kleinhenz, MD||Gorden, PJ||Smith, JS||Schleining, JA||Kleinhenz, KE||Wulf, LL||Sidhu, PK||Rea, D||Coetzee, JF