Correlations between age, body size, sex, and conformation and ultrasound-measured femoral vessel diameter in the dog, with implications for transvascular procedural planning. Academic Article uri icon


  • Transvascular interventional radiology procedures have advanced in veterinary medicine, but basic knowledge about expected vascular size and vascular imaging requires further exploration. A prospective analytical study of 230 client-owned dogs was carried out to investigate correlations between ultrasound-measured femoral artery (FA) and femoral vein (FV) diameter and various morphometric and demographic dog variables, compare ultrasound-measured femoral vessel diameter to diameter predicted by body weight, compare right- and left-sided femoral vessel diameter, and assess measurement repeatability. Internal diameter of the FA and FV was measured with ultrasound bilaterally. Allometrically scaled body weight had the strongest correlation with FA and FV diameter (correlation coefficients: 0.92 and 0.80, respectively), although thigh circumference (FA: 0.89; FV:0.78) and withers height (FA: 0.84; FV: 0.76) were also strongly correlated. Within the entire population, males had a smaller FA (P=.005), but not FV (P=.278), than females and age was negatively associated with FA (P=.031) and FV (P<.001) diameter. Compared to ultrasound-derived measurements, body weight-predicted diameter overestimated by at least one French gauge in 32.6% and 35.2% of dogs for the FA and FV, respectively. Comparison of left and right FA and FV diameter revealed minimal mean differences, though limits of agreement could encompass multiple French gauge sizes: (Mean difference [limits of agreement]: FA=0.00mm [0.85-0.84mm]; FV=0.04mm [1.92-1.99mm]). Intra- and interoperator repeatability coefficients of variation were<9%. Femoral vessel diameter in dogs is influenced by multiple factors, with potential for clinically relevant differences between right- and left-sided vessels. Ultrasound measurement of femoral vessels could improve transvascular preprocedural planning.

published proceedings

  • Vet Radiol Ultrasound

altmetric score

  • 0.5

author list (cited authors)

  • Cusack, K., Wesselowski, S., Saunders, A. B., & Jeffery, N.

citation count

  • 1

complete list of authors

  • Cusack, Katrina||Wesselowski, Sonya||Saunders, Ashley B||Jeffery, Nicholas

publication date

  • January 2021