Brenner, Thomas Andrew (2011-05). Practical Aspects of the Implementation of Reduced-Order Models Based on Proper Orthogonal Decomposition. Doctoral Dissertation. Thesis uri icon

abstract

  • This work presents a number of the practical aspects of developing reduced- order models (ROMs) based on proper orthogonal decomposition (POD). ROMS are derived and implemented for multiphase flow, quasi-2D nozzle flow and 2D inviscid channel flow. Results are presented verifying the ROMs against existing full-order models (FOM). POD is a method for separating snapshots of a flow field that varies in both time and space into spatial basis functions and time coefficients. The partial differential equations that govern fluid flow can then be pro jected onto these basis functions, generating a system of ordinary differential equations where the unknowns are the time coefficients. This results in the reduction of the number of equations to be solved from hundreds of thousands or more to hundreds or less. A ROM is implemented for three-dimensional and non-isothermal multiphase flows. The derivation of the ROM is presented. Results are compared against the FOM and show that the ROM agrees with the FOM. While implementing the ROM for multiphase flow, moving discontinuities were found to be a ma jor challenge when they appeared in the void fraction around gas bubbles. A point-mode POD approach is proposed and shown to have promise. A simple test case for moving discontinuities, the first order wave equation, is used to test an augmentation method for capturing the discontinuity exactly. This approach is shown to remove the unphysical oscillations that appear around the discontinuityin traditional approaches. A ROM for quasi-2D inviscid nozzle flow is constructed and the results are com- pared to a FOM. This ROM is used to test two approaches, POD-Analytical and POD-Discretized. The stability of each approach is assessed and the results are used in the implementation of a ROM for the Navier-Stokes equations. A ROM for a Navier-Stokes solver is derived and implemented using the results of the nozzle flow case. Results are compared to the FOM for channel flow with a bump. The computational speed-up of the ROM is discussed. Two studies are presented with practical aspects of the implementation of POD- based ROMs. The first shows the effect of the snapshot sampling on the accuracy of the POD basis functions. The second shows that for multiphase flow, the cross- coupling between field variables should not be included when computing the POD basis functions.
  • This work presents a number of the practical aspects of developing reduced-

    order models (ROMs) based on proper orthogonal decomposition (POD). ROMS are

    derived and implemented for multiphase flow, quasi-2D nozzle flow and 2D inviscid

    channel flow. Results are presented verifying the ROMs against existing full-order

    models (FOM).



    POD is a method for separating snapshots of a flow field that varies in both time

    and space into spatial basis functions and time coefficients. The partial differential

    equations that govern fluid flow can then be pro jected onto these basis functions,

    generating a system of ordinary differential equations where the unknowns are the

    time coefficients. This results in the reduction of the number of equations to be solved from hundreds of thousands or more to hundreds or less.



    A ROM is implemented for three-dimensional and non-isothermal multiphase

    flows. The derivation of the ROM is presented. Results are compared against the

    FOM and show that the ROM agrees with the FOM.



    While implementing the ROM for multiphase flow, moving discontinuities were

    found to be a ma jor challenge when they appeared in the void fraction around gas

    bubbles. A point-mode POD approach is proposed and shown to have promise. A

    simple test case for moving discontinuities, the first order wave equation, is used to

    test an augmentation method for capturing the discontinuity exactly. This approach

    is shown to remove the unphysical oscillations that appear around the discontinuityin traditional approaches.



    A ROM for quasi-2D inviscid nozzle flow is constructed and the results are com-

    pared to a FOM. This ROM is used to test two approaches, POD-Analytical and

    POD-Discretized. The stability of each approach is assessed and the results are used

    in the implementation of a ROM for the Navier-Stokes equations.



    A ROM for a Navier-Stokes solver is derived and implemented using the results

    of the nozzle flow case. Results are compared to the FOM for channel flow with a

    bump. The computational speed-up of the ROM is discussed.



    Two studies are presented with practical aspects of the implementation of POD-

    based ROMs. The first shows the effect of the snapshot sampling on the accuracy

    of the POD basis functions. The second shows that for multiphase flow, the cross-

    coupling between field variables should not be included when computing the POD

    basis functions.

publication date

  • May 2011