Risk factors of SARS-CoV-2 infection in healthcare workers: a retrospective study of a nosocomial outbreak.
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BACKGROUND: Healthcare workers (HCWs) are at the forefront of fighting against the COVID-19 pandemic. However, they are at high risk of acquiring the pathogen from infected patients and transmitting to other HCWs. We aimed to investigate risk factors for nosocomial COVID-19 infection among HCWs in a non-COVID-19 hospital yard. METHODS: Retrospective data collection on demographics, lifestyles, contact status with infected subjects for 118 HCWs (including 12 COVID-19 HCWs) at Union Hospital of Wuhan, China. Sleep quality and working pressure were evaluated by the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and The Nurse Stress Index (NSI), respectively. The follow-up duration was from Dec 25, 2019, to Feb 15, 2020. RESULTS: A high proportion of COVID-19 HCWs had engaged in night shift-work (75.0% vs. 40.6%) and felt working under pressure (66.7% vs. 32.1%) than uninfected HCWs. SARS-CoV-2 infected HCWs had significantly higher scores of PSQI and NSI than uninfected HCWs (P<0.001). Specifically, scores of 5 factors (sleep quality, sleep time, sleep efficiency, sleep disorder, and daytime dysfunction) in PSQI were higher among infected HCWs. For NSI, its 5 subscales (nursing profession and work, workload and time allocation, working environment and resources, patient care, management and interpersonal relations) were all higher in infected than uninfected nurse. Furthermore, total scores of PSQI (HR=2.97, 95%CI=1.86-4.76; P<0.001) and NSI (HR=4.67, 95%CI=1.42-15.45; P=0.011) were both positively associated with the risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection. CONCLUSION: Our analysis shows that poor sleep quality and higher working pressure may increase the risk of nosocomial SARS-CoV-2 infection among HCWs.
author list (cited authors)
Wang, X., Jiang, X., Huang, Q., Wang, H., Gurarie, D., Ndeffo-Mbah, M., ... Bai, Y.
complete list of authors
Wang, Xuan||Jiang, Xiaobing||Huang, Qimin||Wang, Han||Gurarie, David||Ndeffo-Mbah, Martial||Fan, Fei||Fu, Peng||Horn, Mary Ann||Mondal, Anirban||King, Charles||Xu, Shuai||Zhao, Hongyang||Bai, Yansen