Personalized dynamic transport of magnetic nanorobots inside the brain vasculature.
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Delivering specific bioactive agents with sufficient bioavailability to the targeted brain area across blood brain barrier remains a big challenge. Magnetically driven nanorobots have demonstrated their potential for controlled drug delivery. However, the dynamic transport of these nanorobots inside each individual's brain vasculature is not yet well studied. Addressing this is a critical step forward to controlled drug delivery for non-invasive brain therapeutics. In this paper, we develop an analytical model describing the personalized dynamic transport of spherical magnetic nanorobots inside the brain vasculature reconstructed from the patient's angiography images. By inverting the transporting process, we first design the patient-specific transport path based on the reconstructed vascular model, and then calculate the magnetic force required to drive these nanorobots from the analytical model. Also, a finite element model is created to simulate the inverse design process, which implies that the delivery efficiency of these magnetically driven nanorobots to the targeted brain area can be increased by 20% and almost 95% nanorobots arrive at the desired vessel walls. In the end, a simplified brain vascular model is printed using PolyJet 3D 750 to demonstrate the dynamic transport of these nanorobots toward the targeted site. The proposed theoretical modeling, numerical simulation and experimental validation lay solid foundation toward non-invasive brain therapeutics with maximal accuracy and minimal side effects.