The patient safety climate in healthcare organizations (PSCHO) survey: Short‐form development Academic Article uri icon


  • RATIONALE, AIMS, AND OBJECTIVES: Measures of safety climate are increasingly used to guide safety improvement initiatives. However, cost and respondent burden may limit the use of safety climate surveys. The purpose of this study was to develop a 15- to 20-item safety climate survey based on the Patient Safety Climate in Healthcare Organizations survey, a well-validated 38-item measure of safety climate. METHODS: The Patient Safety Climate in Healthcare Organizations was administered to all senior managers, all physicians, and a 10% random sample of all other hospital personnel in 69 private sector hospitals and 30 Veterans Health Administration hospitals. Both samples were randomly divided into a derivation sample to identify a short-form subset and a confirmation sample to assess the psychometric properties of the proposed short form. RESULTS: The short form consists of 15 items represented 3 overarching domains in the long-form scale-organization, work unit, and interpersonal. CONCLUSION: The proposed short form efficiently captures 3 important sources of variance in safety climate: organizational, work-unit, and interpersonal. The short-form development process was a practical method that can be applied to other safety climate surveys. This safety climate short form may increase response rates in studies that involve busy clinicians or repeated measures.

altmetric score

  • 0.5

author list (cited authors)

  • Benzer, J. K., Meterko, M., & Singer, S. J.

citation count

  • 1

publication date

  • April 2017