A plant-transformation-competent BIBAC library of ginseng (Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer) for functional genomics research and characterization of genes involved in ginsenoside biosynthesis Academic Article uri icon


  • Ginseng (Panax ginseng C. A. Mey.) is widely used as a major medicinal herb and as a feedstock for the medicine, beverage, food, cosmetic, etc. industries, in China and several other Asian countries. However, limited research has been accomplished into its genetics, genomics and breeding. To clone, characterize and utilize the genes of economic importance in the species, we have developed a large-insert plant-transformation-competent binary bacterial artificial chromosome (BIBAC) library for Jilin ginseng cv. Damaya. The library contains 141,312 clones, with an average insert size of 110 kb, each likely containing approximately 20-30 genes. The clones of the library have all been arrayed in 384-well microplates and permanently archived. We screened the library and identified BIBAC clones containing nine genes likely involved in the biosynthesis pathway of ginsenosides-the major medicinally effective compounds of ginseng-with approximately four BIBACs per gene. This result further verified the quality of the library and demonstrated its utility in cloning, characterization and utilization of economically important genes in ginseng. Furthermore, since the library is cloned in a plant-transformation-competent BIBAC vector (pCLD04541) that can be directly transformed in a variety of plants via both the Agrobacterium-mediated method and the particle bombardment method, we have also demonstrated the stability of large-insert ginseng DNA BIBACs in different Agrobacterium strains, which is crucial to large-insert BIBAC transformation in plants. Therefore, the Jilin ginseng BIBAC library provides resources and tools useful for functional genomics research, and cloning, characterization and utilization of economically important genes in the species. 2012 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.

published proceedings

  • Molecular Breeding

altmetric score

  • 0.25

author list (cited authors)

  • Zhai, J., Wang, Y. i., Sun, C., Jiang, S., Wang, K., Zhang, Y., Zhang, H., & Zhang, M.

citation count

  • 5

complete list of authors

  • Zhai, Junfeng||Wang, Yi||Sun, Chunyu||Jiang, Shicui||Wang, Kangyu||Zhang, Yang||Zhang, Hong-Bin||Zhang, Meiping

publication date

  • March 2013