Computational investigation of adsorption of molecular hydrogen on lithium-doped corannulene. Academic Article uri icon


  • Density functional theory and classical molecular dynamics simulations are used to investigate the prospect of lithium-doped corannulene as adsorbent material for H(2) gas. Potential energy surface scans at the level of B3LYP/6-311G(d,p) show an enhanced interaction of molecular hydrogen with lithium-atom-doped corannulene complexes with respect to that found in undoped corannulene. MP2(FC)/6-31G(d,p) optimizations of 4H(2)-(Li(2)-C(20)H(10)) yield H(2) binding energies of -1.48 kcal/mol for the H(2)-Li interaction and -0.92 kcal/mol for the H(2)-C interaction, whereas values of -0.94 and -0.83 kcal/mol were reported (J. Phys. Chem. B 2006, 110, 7688-7694) for physisorption of H(2) on the concave and the convex side of corannulene using MP2(full)/6-31G(d), respectively. Classical molecular dynamics simulations predict hydrogen uptakes in Li-doped corannulene assemblies that are significantly enhanced with respect to that found in undoped molecules, and the hydrogen uptake ability is dependent on the concentration of lithium dopant. For the Li(6)-C(20)H(10) complex, a hydrogen uptake of 4.58 wt % at 300 K and 230 bar is obtained when the adsorbent molecules are arranged in stack configurations separated by 6.5 A, and with interlayer distances of 10 A, hydrogen uptake reaches 6.5 wt % at 300 K and 215 bar.

published proceedings

  • J Phys Chem B

author list (cited authors)

  • Zhang, Y., Scanlon, L. G., Rottmayer, M. A., & Balbuena, P. B.

citation count

  • 44

complete list of authors

  • Zhang, Y||Scanlon, LG||Rottmayer, MA||Balbuena, PB

publication date

  • November 2006