Magnetocaloric Effect in a Frustrated Gd-Garnet with No Long-Range Magnetic Order
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In this paper, the hyperkagome lattice of Gd spins in a garnet compound, Gd3CrGa4O12, is studied using bulk measurements and density functional computations, and the observation of large magnetocaloric effect corresponding to an entropy change, ΔSm = 45 J kg-1K-1 (≈ 45 J mol-1K-1) at 2 K, 8 T is reported. Though the compound defies long-range magnetic order down to 0.4 K, a broad feature below 10 K is observed in the specific heat with two low temperature anomalies at T* ≈ 0.7 K and TS ≈ 2.45 K. The anomaly at T* is reminiscent of one in Gd3Ga5O12, where it is related to the development of a complex magnetic phase, whereas the TS-peak is accounted for by a multilevel Schottky-like model. The spin-lattice relaxation times studied by nuclear magnetic resonance experiments show that the relaxation is dominated by the magnetic fluctuations in Cr which has a longer relaxation time compared to that of the garnet, Lu3CrGa4O12 containing a nonmagnetic rare earth. Our first-principles density functional theory calculations agree well with the experimental results and support short-range magnetic order in the Gd-sublattice and antiferromagnetism in the Cr-sublattice. The importance of spin fluctuations and short-range order in the rare earth and transition metal lattices in garnets resulting in large magnetocaloric effect is brought out through this work.
author list (cited authors)
Muniraju, N., Baral, R., Tian, Y., Li, R., Poudel, N., Gofryk, K., ... Nair, H. S.