Structural and chemical characterization of TiO2 memristive devices by spatially-resolved NEXAFS Academic Article uri icon


  • We used spatially-resolved NEXAFS (near-edge x-ray absorption fine structure) spectroscopy coupled with microscopy to characterize the electronic, structural and chemical properties of bipolar resistive switching devices. Metal/TiO2/metal devices were electroformed with both bias polarities and then physically opened to study the resulting material changes within the device. Soft x-ray absorption techniques allowed isolated study of the different materials present in the device with 100 nm spatial resolution. The resulting morphology and structural changes reveal a picture of localized polarity-independent heating occurring within these devices initiated by and subsequently accelerating polarity-dependent electrochemical reduction/oxidation processes.

author list (cited authors)

  • Strachan, J. P., Yang, J. J., M√ľnstermann, R., Scholl, A., Medeiros-Ribeiro, G., Stewart, D. R., & Williams, R. S.

citation count

  • 56

publication date

  • December 2009