BAC library development for allotetraploid Leymus (Triticeae) wildryes enable comparative genetic analysis of lax-barrenstalk1 orthogene sequences and growth habit QTLs Academic Article uri icon


  • Tall-caespitose basin wildrye (Leymus cinereus) and rhizomatous creeping wildrye (Leymus triticoides) are perennial Triticeae relatives of wheat and barley. Quantitative trait loci (QTLs) controlling rhizome proliferation were previously detected on homoeologous regions of LG3a and LG3b in two full-sib families derived from allotetraploid hybrids. Triticeae homoeologous group 3 aligns to rice chromosome 1, which contains the rice lax panicle and maize barrenstalk1 orthogene responsible for induction of axillary branch meristems, but this gene has not been mapped or sequenced in Triticeae. We developed bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) libraries representing 6.1 haploid equivalents of the tetraploid Leymus genome (10.7 Mb). Overgo probes designed from the lax-barrenstalk1 orthogene hybridized to 12 Leymus BAC clones. Deduced amino-acid sequences from seven BAC clones were highly conserved with the rice, maize, and sorghum lax-barrenstalk1orthogenes. Gene specific primers designed from two of the most divergent BAC clones map to homoeologous regions of Leymus LG3a and LG3b and align with the lax-barrenstalk1 orthogene on rice 1L. Comparisons of genomic DNA sequences revealed two other conserved regions surrounding the Leymus LG3a, rice, and sorghum lax-barrenstalk1 ortholoci, and one of these regions was also present in maize and Leymus LG3b sequences. Comparisons of Leymus LG3a and LG3b lax-barrenstalk1 coding sequences and flanking genomic regions elucidate molecular differences between subgenomes.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Larson, S. R., Scheuring, C., Kaur, P., Cliften, P. F., Mott, I. W., Bushman, B. S., ... Wang, R.

complete list of authors

  • Larson, Steven R||Scheuring, Chantel||Kaur, Parminder||Cliften, Paul F||Mott, Ivan W||Bushman, B Shaun||Dong, Jenifer J||Zhang, Yang||Zhang, Xiaojun||Kiani, Mahanz||Wu, Yen-Hsuan||Liu, Yun-Hua||Zhang, Hong-Bin||Chatterton, N Jerry||Wang, Richard R-C

publication date

  • January 1, 2009 11:11 AM