Spatially uniform resistance switching of low current, high endurance titanium-niobium-oxide memristors. Academic Article uri icon


  • We analyzed micrometer-scale titanium-niobium-oxide prototype memristors, which exhibited low write-power (<3 W) and energy (<200 fJ per bit per m2), low read-power (nW), and high endurance (>millions of cycles). To understand their physico-chemical operating mechanisms, we performed in operando synchrotron X-ray transmission nanoscale spectromicroscopy using an ultra-sensitive time-multiplexed technique. We observed only spatially uniform material changes during cell operation, in sharp contrast to the frequently detected formation of a localized conduction channel in transition-metal-oxide memristors. We also associated the response of assigned spectral features distinctly to non-volatile storage (resistance change) and writing of information (application of voltage and Joule heating). These results provide critical insights into high-performance memristors that will aid in device design, scaling and predictive circuit-modeling, all of which are essential for the widespread deployment of successful memristor applications.

published proceedings

  • Nanoscale

altmetric score

  • 0.5

author list (cited authors)

  • Kumar, S., Davila, N., Wang, Z., Huang, X., Strachan, J. P., Vine, D., ... Stanley Williams, R.

citation count

  • 20

complete list of authors

  • Kumar, Suhas||Davila, Noraica||Wang, Ziwen||Huang, Xiaopeng||Strachan, John Paul||Vine, David||David Kilcoyne, AL||Nishi, Yoshio||Stanley Williams, R

publication date

  • February 2017