Electronically configurable molecular-based logic gates. Academic Article uri icon


  • Logic gates were fabricated from an array of configurable switches, each consisting of a monolayer of redox-active rotaxanes sandwiched between metal electrodes. The switches were read by monitoring current flow at reducing voltages. In the "closed" state, current flow was dominated by resonant tunneling through the electronic states of the molecules. The switches were irreversibly opened by applying an oxidizing voltage across the device. Several devices were configured together to produce AND and OR logic gates. The high and low current levels of those gates were separated by factors of 15 and 30, respectively, which is a significant enhancement over that expected for wired-logic gates.

published proceedings

  • Science

altmetric score

  • 26.5

author list (cited authors)

  • Collier, C. P., Wong, E. W., Belohradsky, M., Raymo, F. M., Stoddart, J. F., Kuekes, P. J., Williams, R. S., & Heath, J. R.

citation count

  • 1337

complete list of authors

  • Collier, CP||Wong, EW||Belohradsky, M||Raymo, FM||Stoddart, JF||Kuekes, PJ||Williams, RS||Heath, JR

publication date

  • July 1999