Effect of sourcesink manipulation on accumulation of micronutrients and protein in wheat grains
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The effect of source and sink manipulation on accumulation of micronutrients (Fe, Zn, Mn, Cu) and protein in wheat grains was studied in a field experiment and ear culture. The source and sink manipulation was obtained by reducing assimilate source (through defoliation and spike shading) or sink (through 50% spikelets removal) after anthesis in the field and by changing sucrose or NH 4 NO 3 levels of the culture media in ear culture. In the field experiment, reducing source and sink generally increased Fe, Zn, Mn, Cu, and protein concentrations except defoliation which decreased Mn concentration. Grain yield as well as micronutrient and protein contents in grains were all reduced by reducing source and sink sizes, suggesting that the accumulation of micronutrients and protein in grains was restricted by source supply and sink capacity. In ear culture, the supply of 20 to 80 g L -1 sucrose increased grain weight and yield, but decreased grain Fe, Zn, Mn, Cu, and protein concentrations. The supply of 0.57 to 2.28 g L -1 NH 4 NO 3 increased grain yield and the concentrations and contents of micronutrients and protein. All these results show that micronutrient and protein accumulation in grains can be affected by the source-sink relationship of carbohydrate and nitrogen. Adequate N supply can simultaneously increase grain yield and the accumulation of Fe, Zn, Mn, Cu, and protein. 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science
author list (cited authors)
Zhang, Y., Zhang, Y., Liu, N. a., Su, D. a., Xue, Q., Stewart, B. A., & Wang, Z.
complete list of authors
Zhang, Yinghua||Zhang, Yongping||Liu, Na||Su, Da||Xue, Qingwu||Stewart, Bob A||Wang, Zhimin