Hard choices in hard times: Valence voting in Germany (2009) Academic Article uri icon


  • Recent studies of voting behavior in Anglo-American elections have demonstrated the clear superiority of the valence model over its rivals for explaining how people cast their ballots. In this paper we test the portability of the valence model in a particularly challenging setting the 2009 German Parliamentary elections. Although there are reasons to think that a spatial model might outperform the valence model, we find that the valence model outperforms it with results similar to previous findings in other political settings. 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Clarke, H. D., & Whitten, G. D.

citation count

  • 17

complete list of authors

  • Clarke, Harold D||Whitten, Guy D

publication date

  • January 2013