Effect of the timing of controlled internal drug-releasing device insertion on the gonadotropin-releasing hormone-induced luteinizing hormone surge and ovulatory response
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Concentrations of progesterone have been reported to influence GnRH-induced LH surges. At the beginning of many synchronization protocols, GnRH is used to synchronize follicular growth. Therefore, the objective of this study was to determine the effect of elevated concentrations of progesterone from a controlled internal drug-releasing device (CIDR) on the GnRH-induced LH surge and ovulatory response. Angus-cross beef heifers (n = 113; 41 pubertal and 72 prepubertal) were assigned to 1 of 3 treatments: 1) GnRH at CIDR insertion (CIDR-0), 2) GnRH 6 h before CIDR insertion (CIDR-6), or 3) GnRH 48 h after CIDR insertion (CIDR+48). Follicle size was determined before GnRH administration, and ovulatory response was determined 2 d later. Blood samples were collected from a subset of 60 heifers at -30, 0 (GnRH administration), 30, 60, 90, 120, 150, 180, 210, 240, 300, and 360 min after GnRH. Heifers receiving CIDR+48 had greater (P < 0.01) concentrations of progesterone compared with those receiving CIDR-0 and CIDR-6. There was no difference (P > 0.76) between treatments in concentrations of estradiol. There tended to be a cycling status x ovulation interaction on concentrations of progesterone (P = 0.11), and there was a cycling status x ovulation interaction on concentrations of estradiol (P = 0.02). The estradiol-to-progesterone ratio was significant because of treatment (P = 0.002), cycling status (P = 0.001), and a treatment x cycling status interaction (P = 0.02). Cycling status tended (P = 0.11) to have an influence on ovulation (29/41 and 42/72 for pubertal and prepubertal heifers). Ovulation was induced in more (P < 0.05) CIDR-0 (26/38) and CIDR-6 (28/37) heifers than CIDR+48 (17/38) heifers. There was no influence of treatment (P = 0.19), concentrations of estradiol (P = 0.90), or the estradiol-to-progesterone ratio (P = 0.21) on concentrations of LH, but there was an effect (P < 0.01) of progesterone on LH concentrations. Heifers with elevated progesterone at GnRH administration had a reduced LH surge compared with heifers with decreased concentrations of progesterone. Heifers that ovulated tended to have a greater (P = 0.11) magnitude of LH surge than heifers that did not ovulate. In summary, elevated concentrations of progesterone at GnRH administration decreased the GnRH-induced LH surge, and heifers in the CIDR+48 treatment had a decreased ovulatory response. However, there tended to be a difference in the magnitude of the LH surge only between heifers that did and did not ovulate.
author list (cited authors)
Perry, G. A., & Perry, B. L.