Creating digital enclaves: Negotiation of the internet among bounded religious communities Academic Article uri icon


  • This article examines the motivation behind bounded groups creation of digital enclaves online. Through in-depth interviews with 19 webmasters and staff of selected Israeli Orthodox websites three critical areas of negotiation are explored: (1) social control; (2) sources of authority; and (3) community boundaries. Examining these tensions illuminates a detailed process of self-evaluation which leads religious stakeholders and internet entrepreneurs to form these digital enclaves in order to negotiate the core beliefs and constraints of their offline communities online. These offer spaces of safety for members within the risk-laden tracts of the internet. Examining the tensions accompanying the emergence of these religious websites elucidates community affordances as well as the challenges to the authority that integration of new media poses to closed groups and societies.

published proceedings


altmetric score

  • 3.5

author list (cited authors)

  • Campbell, H. A., & Golan, O.

citation count

  • 73

complete list of authors

  • Campbell, Heidi A||Golan, Oren

publication date

  • July 2011