Literacy, Numeracy, and Skill Utilization of Older Workers in South Korea_ The Effect of Learning Experiences and Organizational- and Individual-Level Factors Academic Article uri icon


  • The purpose of this study is to examine how organizational, individual learning factors, and demographic variables affect older workers’ skill utilization in the workplace in South Korea. Using OECD Programme for International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC) data sets, this study analyzed 1,247 older workers’ demographics, employment, and This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea Grant funded by the Korean Government(NRF-2016S1A3A2925401). learning participation data in South Korea. Major findings showed that, based on t-test results, older adults (50-65 years old) with the following characteristics (male, full-time employment status, employed in a private organization, in a managerial position, participated in non-formal education) indicated significantly higher scores in their proficiency levels (numeracy and literacy) and their skill use (numeracy and literacy) in the workplace compared to their counterparts. Also, from regression analysis, we found that older workers’ education level, years of work experience, work flexibility, participation in non-formal education, the degree of informal learning, and active learning strategies had positive effect on their skill use of numeracy and literacy at work place respectively. We conclude with discussions and implications for research, practice, and national policies based on study findings.

published proceedings

  • Korean Journal of Thinking Development

author list (cited authors)

  • Lim, D. H., Ryu, H., Kim, J., Song, J., & Ban, S.

complete list of authors

  • Lim, Doo Hun||Ryu, Hyunok||Kim, J||Song, J||Ban, S

publication date

  • January 1, 2018 11:11 AM