Electrocatalytic and Optoelectronic Characteristics of the Two-Dimensional Titanium Nitride Ti4N3Tx MXene. Academic Article uri icon


  • A relatively new class of two-dimensional (2D) materials called MXenes have garnered tremendous interest in the field of energy storage and conversion. Thus far nearly all MXenes reported experimentally have been described as metals, with a lone report of a mixed-metal carbide phase exhibiting semiconducting character. Here, we report the optical, electrocatalytic, and electrical properties of the 2D Ti4N3Tx MXene (Tx = basal plane surface terminating groups) and show that this material exhbits both metallic and semiconducting behaviors. We provide complete structural characterization of exfoliated Ti4N3Tx MXene and assign Tx = O and/or OH and find that this material is susceptible to surface oxidation. Optical experiments indicate that the exfoliated Ti4N3Tx MXene forms a hybrid with a thin surface oxide layer resulting in visible light absorbtion at energies greater than 2.0 eV and an excitation wavelength-dependent defect-state emission over a broad range centered at 2.9 eV. As an electrocatalyst for the hydrogen evolution reaction, the exfoliated Ti4N3Tx shows an overpotential of 300 mV at -10 mA cm-2 and a Tafel slope of 190 mV dec-1. Finally, we observesemiconductingbehavior at temperatures below90 K from temperature-dependent transport measurements under 5 T magnetic field likely resulting from the thin oxide layer. These results unveil the intriguing optical, electrocatalytic, and electrical properties of this 2D Ti4N3Tx MXene that expands the potential of these new 2D materials into electrocatalysis and (opto)electronic applications.

published proceedings

  • ACS Appl Mater Interfaces

altmetric score

  • 0.5

author list (cited authors)

  • Djire, A., Zhang, H., Liu, J., Miller, E. M., & Neale, N. R.

citation count

  • 61

complete list of authors

  • Djire, Abdoulaye||Zhang, Hanyu||Liu, Jun||Miller, Elisa M||Neale, Nathan R

publication date

  • March 2019