SETD1 and NF-B Regulate Periodontal Inflammation through H3K4 Trimethylation. Academic Article uri icon


  • The inflammatory response to periodontal pathogens is dynamically controlled by the chromatin state on inflammatory gene promoters. In the present study, we have focused on the effect of the methyltransferase SETD1B on histone H3 lysine K4 (H3K4) histone trimethylation on inflammatory gene promoters. Experiments were based on 3 model systems: 1) an in vitro periodontal ligament (PDL) cell culture model for the study of SETD1 function as it relates to histone methylation and inflammatory gene expression using Porphyromonas gingivalis lipopolysaccharide (LPS) as a pathogen, 2) a subcutaneous implantation model to determine the relationship between SETD1 and nuclear factor B (NF-B) through its activation inhibitor BOT-64, and 3) a mouse periodontitis model to test whether the NF-B activation inhibitor BOT-64 reverses the inflammatory tissue destruction associated with periodontal disease. In our PDL progenitor cell culture model, P. gingivalis LPS increased H3K4me3 histone methylation on IL-1, IL-6, and MMP2 gene promoters, while SETD1B inhibition decreased H3K4me3 enrichment and inflammatory gene expression in LPS-treated PDL cells. LPS also increased SETD1 nuclear localization in a p65-dependent fashion and the nuclear translocation of p65 as mediated through SETD1, suggestive of a synergistic effect between SETD1 and p65 in the modulation of inflammation. Confirming the role of SETD1 in p65-mediated periodontal inflammation, BOT-64 reduced the number of SETD1-positive cells in inflamed periodontal tissues, restored periodontal tissue integrity, and enhanced osteogenesis in a periodontal inflammation model in vivo. Together, these results have established the histone lysine methyltransferase SETD1 as a key factor in the opening of the chromatin on inflammatory gene promoters through histone H3K4 trimethylation. Our studies also confirmed the role of BOT-64 as a potent molecular therapeutic for the restoration of periodontal health through the inhibition of NF-B activity and the amelioration of SETD1-induced chromatin relaxation.

published proceedings

  • J Dent Res

altmetric score

  • 0.25

author list (cited authors)

  • Francis, M., Gopinathan, G., Salapatas, A., Nares, S., Gonzalez, M., Diekwisch, T., & Luan, X.

citation count

  • 14

publication date

  • January 2020