TWISTER Hand: Underactuated Robotic Gripper Inspired by Origami Twisted Tower Academic Article uri icon


  • This article presents a new cable-driven underactuated robotic gripper, called TWISTER Hand. It is designed for adaptable grasping of objects in different shapes, weights, sizes, and textures. Each finger of the gripper is made of a compliant and continuum mechanism inspired by an origami design. This design is converted into a computer-aided design (CAD) model and 3-D printed using flexible and rigid polymer composite materials. Two CAD modeling methods for this design are compared in terms of structural stiffness and durability in the printed outcomes. For each design, two soft materials are used for preliminary evaluation of the material effect in these properties. The best combination of the model and material is selected to fabricate the three fingers of the robotic gripper. Each finger has a single cable routed along the structure. All three cables are tied and actuated simultaneously using a single servo motor to generate closing and opening motions in the gripper. TWISTER Hand's adaptable grasping capability is tested using 36 different objects. The robot's grasping performance under object pose uncertainties is also experimentally tested and analyzed. This compact fully integrated gripper can be attached to a robotic arm for various manipulative tasks.

author list (cited authors)

  • Lee, K., Wang, Y., & Zheng, C.

citation count

  • 3

publication date

  • April 2020