This work proposes a methodology to program an artificial agent that can make decisions based on a naturalistic decision-making approach called recognition-primed decision model (RPDM). The proposed methodology represents the main constructs of RPDM in the language of Belief-Desire-Intention logic. RPDM considers decision-making as a synthesis of three phenomenal abilities of the human mind. The first is one’s use of experience to recognize a situation and suggest appropriate responses. The main concern here is on situation awareness because the decision-maker needs to establish that a current situation is the same or similar to one previously experienced, and the same solution is likely to work this time too. To this end, the proposed modeling approach uses a Markov logic network to develop an Experiential-Learning and Decision-Support module. The second component of RPDM deals with the cases when a decision-maker’s experience becomes secondary because the situation has not been recognized as typical. In this case, RPDM suggests a diagnostic mechanism that involves feature-matching, and, therefore, an ontology (of the domain of interest) based reasoning approach is proposed here to deal with all such cases. The third component of RPDM is the proposal that human beings use intuition and imagination (mental stimulation) to make sure whether a course of action should work in a given situation or not. Mental simulation is modeled here as a Bayesian network that computes the probability of occurrence of an
effectwhen a causeis more likely. The agent-based model of RPDM has been validated with real (empirical) data to compare the simulated and empirical results and develop a correspondence in terms of the value of the result, as well as the reasoning.