Ultraviolet germicidal irradiation disinfection of Stachybotrys chartarum
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The ultraviolet germicidal irradiation (UVGI) dose necessary to inactivate fungal spores on an agar surface and the efficacy of UVGI were determined for cultures of Stachybotrys chartarum (ATCC 208877). This study employed a UVGI testing unit consisting of four chambers with a 9-W, Phillips, low pressure, mercury UVGI lamp in each chamber. The testing unit's apertures were adjusted to provide 50, 100, 150, and 200 microW/cm2 of uniform flux to the Petri dish surfaces, resulting in a total UVGI surface dose ranging from 12 to 144 mJ/cm2. The UVGI dose necessary to inactivate 90% of the S. chartarum was greater than the maximum dose of 144 mJ/cm2 evaluated in this study. While UVGI has been used to inactivate several strains of culturable fungal spores, S. chartarum was not susceptible to an appropriate dose of UVGI. The results of this study may not correlate directly to the effect of UVGI on airborne fungal spores. However, they indicate that current technology may not be efficacious as a supplement to ventilation unless it can provide higher doses of UVGI to kill spores, such as S. chartarum, traveling through the irradiated zone.
author list (cited authors)
Green, C. F., Davidson, C. S., Scarpino, P. V., & Gibbs, S. G.