In-network Monitoring and Control Policy for DVFS of CMP Networks-on-Chip and Last Level Caches Conference Paper uri icon

abstract

  • In chip design today and for a foreseeable future, on-chip communication is not only a performance bottleneck but also a substantial power consumer. This work focuses on employing dynamic voltage and frequency scaling (DVFS) policies for networks-on-chip (NoC) and shared, distributed last-level caches (LLC). In particular, we consider a practical system architecture where the distributed LLC and the NoC share a voltage/frequency domain which is separate from the core domain. This architecture enables controlling the relative speed between the cores and memory hierarchy without introducing synchronization delays within the NoC. DVFS for this architecture is more difficult than individual link/core-based DVFS since it involves spatially distributed monitoring and control. We propose an average memory access time (AMAT)-based monitoring technique and integrate it with DVFS based on PID control theory. Simulations on PARSEC benchmarks yield a 33% dynamic energy savings with a negligible impact on system performance. © 2012 IEEE.

author list (cited authors)

  • Chen, X. i., Xu, Z., Kim, H., Gratz, P., Hu, J., Kishinevsky, M., & Ogras, U.

citation count

  • 24

publication date

  • May 2012

publisher