A high-power and high-gain X-band Si/SiGe/Si heterojunction bipolar transistor Academic Article uri icon


  • A double mesa-type Si/SiGe/Si (n-p-n) heterojunction bipolar transistor (HBT) with record output power and power gain at X-band (8.4 GHz) is demonstrated. The device exhibits collector breakdown voltage BV/sub CBO/ of more than 24 V and a maximum oscillation frequency f/sub max/ of 37 GHz. Under continuous-wave operation and class-AB biasing conditions, 24.2-dBm (263-mW) RF output power with concurrent gain of 6.9 dB is measured at the peak power-added efficiency (28.1%) from a single ten-emitter fingers (780-/spl mu/m/sup 2/ emitter area) common-base HBT. The maximum RF output power achieved is as high as 26.3 dBm (430 mW in saturation) and the maximum collector efficiency is 36.9%. The low collector doping concentration together with the device layout result in negligible thermal effects across the transistor and greatly simplifies the large-signal modeling. The conventional Gummel-Poon model yields good agreement between the modeled and the measured de characteristics and small-signal S-parameters. The accuracy of the model is further validated with the measured power performance of the SiGe power HBT at X-band. These results set a benchmark for power performance for SiGe-based HBTs and indicate promise for their implementation in efficient X-band power-amplifier circuits.

published proceedings


altmetric score

  • 3

author list (cited authors)

  • Ma, Z. Q., Mohammadi, S., Bhattacharya, P., Katehi, L., Alterovitz, S. A., & Ponchak, G. E.

citation count

  • 36

publication date

  • April 2002