Study of extracellular matrix in vocal fold biomechanics using a two-phase model. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • The extracellular matrix (ECM) of the vocal fold tissue consists primarily of fibrous and interstitial proteins. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of selective enzymatic digestion of two ECM proteins, namely elastin and versican, on the elasticity of rabbit vocal fold tissue. Quasi-static, sinusoidal, uniaxial tensile tests were performed. The data were analyzed within the framework of a model of the ECM as a two-phase composite material consisting of collagen fibrils as the reinforcing fibers and noncollagenous ECM proteins as the matrix. To validate the two-phase model, the regression parameters for the fibers' volume fraction and shear modulus in a different animal model were compared with corresponding published data. The proposed model was then used to analyze rabbit vocal fold tissues. The mean value and the standard deviation of the fiber volume fraction were found to be 8.49 ± 3.75 % for the control samples (n = 4), 0.59 ± 1.13 % after elastin removal (n = 4), and 8.22 ± 1.06 % after versican removal (n = 4). The results suggest that elastin removal may lead to a reduction in tissue stiffness, through counteracting the reinforcement of collagen fibrils.

published proceedings

  • Biomech Model Mechanobiol

altmetric score

  • 1.25

author list (cited authors)

  • Miri, A. K., Li, N., Avazmohammadi, R., Thibeault, S. L., Mongrain, R., & Mongeau, L.

citation count

  • 9

complete list of authors

  • Miri, Amir K||Li, Nicole YK||Avazmohammadi, Reza||Thibeault, Susan L||Mongrain, Rosaire||Mongeau, Luc

publication date

  • January 2015