Effects of preexposure to dexfenfluramine, phentermine, dexfenfluramine–phentermine, or fluoxetine on sibutramine-induced hypophagia in the adult rat Conference Paper uri icon

abstract

  • The antiobesity drug sibutramine suppresses food intake via inhibition of reuptake of both norepinephrine (NE) and serotonin (5-HT) into brain terminals. The present study examined whether preexposure to other antiobesity drugs (fluoxetine [FLUOX], phentermine [PHEN], and dexfenfluramine [DEX]) that alter noradrenergic and/or serotonergic activity in brain induces tolerance or sensitization to the subsequent hypophagic action of sibutramine. Accordingly, adult male rats were treated (administered orally once per day for 21 days) with DEX (0, 1, or 3 mg/kg) and/or PHEN (0, 5, or 10 mg/kg), alone and in combination, or with the selective 5-HT reuptake inhibitor FLUOX (0, 15, or 30 mg/kg). Daily administration of PHEN persistently reduced food intake and body weight whereas tolerance developed to the hypophagic action of DEX or of FLUOX within the first week of daily administration. Moreover, low doses of DEX (1 mg/kg) and PHEN (5 mg/kg) interacted in a supra-additive manner to inhibit food intake and water intake and decrease body weight over the 21-day exposure period. After a recovery period of 9 days, a series of food intake trials were conducted to assess the hypophagic action of sibutramine (0, 1, 3, and 9 mg/kg po). Preexposure to PHEN (5 or 10 mg/kg), DEX (3 mg/kg), or FLUOX (30 mg/kg) resulted in a significant attenuation of the hypophagia induced by sibutramine over an 8-h, but not a 2-h, testing period. The pattern of cross-tolerance noted in this study is consistent with the observation that sibutramine inhibits eating via an interaction with noradrenergic and serotonergic mechanisms. Whether PHEN and DEX preexposure in humans alters subsequent sibutramine effectiveness is unknown.

altmetric score

  • 3

author list (cited authors)

  • Wellman, P. J., Jones, S. L., & Miller, D. K.

citation count

  • 16

publication date

  • April 2003