Sensitization of anorexia and locomotion induced by chronic administration of ephedrine in rats Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Repeated daily administration of the sympathomimetic agent ephedrine (EPH) leads to an augmentation (sensitization) of locomotor activity in rats. The present experiments examined the impact of repeated administration of the (-)- and (+)-EPH enantiomers on feeding in rats to assess whether the anorexic activity of EPH exhibits tolerance or sensitization during chronic exposure and whether the time course of these effects follows that observed in studies of locomotion. Adult male rats were injected once daily for 12 days with either vehicle or 5, 10 or 20 mg/kg (-)-EPH or with 10 or 20 mg/kg (+)-EPH. Horizontal locomotion and diet consumption were assessed for 60 min in an activity chamber. Suppression of feeding and the induction of locomotion were augmented over the first four days of administration of either 10 mg/kg or 20 mg/kg of the (-)-EPH enantiomer. In contrast, repeated administration of 20 mg/kg (+)-EPH resulted in augmentation of appetite suppression but not locomotion. These results confirm and extend the phenomenon of locomotor and feeding sensitization for ephedrine, but suggest that these effects may differ for the two enantiomers of ephedrine.

author list (cited authors)

  • Miller, D. K., Nation, J. R., & Wellman, P. J.

citation count

  • 14

publication date

  • June 1999