Effects of adrenalectomy and deprivation condition on food intake after phenylpropanolamine or clonidine
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alpha-Adrenergic receptors within the paraventricular hypothalamus (PVN) modulate feeding such that activation of alpha 2-adrenoceptors by drugs such as clonidine (CLON) increase feeding; whereas activation of alpha 1-adrenoceptors by drugs such as phenylpropanolamine (PPA) suppress feeding. Prior studies suggest that the feeding-stimulatory effect of alpha 2-adrenergic activation is a function of drug dose as well as the deprivation condition and adrenal status of the animal. Specifically, CLON's effects on feeding are greatest at low doses in food-satiated adrenally intact rats. Whether a similar profile is produced by alpha 1-adrenoceptor agonists such as PPA has not previously been explored. Thus, the present study provides a comparison of the effects on food intake of drug dose, deprivation condition, and adrenalectomy induced by these alpha 2- and alpha 1-adrenergic drugs. Accordingly, both adrenalectomized (ADX) as well as sham-control (SHAM) adult male rats underwent a series of 1-h feeding tests following administration of PPA (5, 10, 20 mg/kg, IP) as well as CLON (0.0125, 0.025, 0.05, 0.1 mg/kg, IP) under both deprived and nondeprived testing conditions. The results suggest that the deprivation condition, but not the surgical condition (ADX vs. SHAM), exerts the greatest overall effect on food intake following administration of alpha-adrenergic drugs.
author list (cited authors)
Davies, B. T., & Wellman, P. J.