Effects of the alpha 1-adrenergic agonist cirazoline on locomotion and brown adipose tissue thermogenesis in the rat.
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Anorexia is induced by injection of alpha 1-adrenergic receptor agonists into the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) in rats. Of the agonists tested to date, cirazoline is the most potent when administered either into the PVN or systemically. The present experiments assess the effects of systemically administered cirazoline, at doses that suppress food intake, on dopamine and norepinephrine systems as evident in locomotion and stereotypy and in the induction of brown adipose tissue (BAT) thermogenesis. In Experiment 1, adult male rats were treated with either vehicle (0) or 0.05, 0.1, 0.2 or 0.4 mg/kg cirazoline (IP) prior to 30 minutes assessment of horizontal and vertical locomotion and stereotypy in Omnitech activity chambers. Horizontal activity and stereotypy were significantly suppressed at 0.05 mg/kg cirazoline but these effects waned at higher cirazoline doses. In Experiment 2, interscapular BAT temperature in adult male rats was monitored for 30 minutes after injection (IP) of either vehicle or 0.4 mg/kg cirazoline. Cirazoline, at 0.4 mg/kg did not influence BAT temperature whereas a positive control treatment (phenylpropanolamine: 40 mg/kg) rapidly increased BAT temperature during a 15 minute period after injection. These results suggest that cirazoline-induced anorexia is not the result of competing motor responses and that this drug, at a dose that produces maximal suppression of feeding, does not alter BAT thermogenesis.
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Wellman, P. J., & Davies, B. T.
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