Effects of acute administration of phentermine, alone or in combination with dexfenfluramine, on pain reactivity in the adult rat
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In the 1990s, phentermine was combined with either fenfluramine or its active enantiomer dexfenfluramine to promote weight loss. Appetite suppressants are known to alter pain reactivity. The current experiment examined the acute impact of phentermine (0, 2.5, 5, 10, or 20 mg/kg) on paw-lick/jump latencies recorded just before and at 10, 20, and 30 min after phentermine injection. In addition, separate groups of rats were treated with 1, 2, or 4 mg/kg dexfenfluramine or with selected combinations of phentermine with dexfenfluramine. Phentermine induced significant analgesia in rats at a dose of 2.5 mg/kg, whereas only the 4.0 mg/kg dose of dexfenfluramine induced significant analgesia. Combinations of 1 mg/kg dexfenfluramine or 2 mg/kg dexfenfluramine with phentermine were mostly additive in terms of changes in analgesia scores. The present results characterize the analgesic action of phentermine, further confirm the analgesic action of dexfenfluramine and suggest an additive analgesic effect for the combination of dexfenfluramine with phentermine.
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