Effects of intra-PVN injections of d- and l-norephedrine on feeding in rats
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Phenylpropanolamine (PPA) is thought to inhibit feeding by activation of alpha 1-adrenergic receptors within the paraventricular hypothalamus (PVN). Systemic injections of the PPA component enantiomers, d- and l-norephedrine (NEP), result in differential suppression of feeding (l-NEP more potent than d-NEP). Whether the norephedrine racemates induce differential anorexia subsequent to injection into the PVN is unknown. In the present study, adult male rats received intra-PVN injections of the d- and l-norephedrine enantiomers (0, 80, 160, and 240 nmol). Significantly greater anorexia was obtained for l-NEP relative to d-NEP. These results document a stereospecific effect of the norephedrine enantiomers within the PVN in inhibiting food intake and suggest that the interaction of these enantiomers with PVN alpha 1-adrenoceptors may mediate the similar difference in potency noted for systemic injections of d- and l-norephedrine.
author list (cited authors)
Wellman, P. J., DiCarlo, B., Morien, A., & Davies, B. T.