Impact of the darkling beetle Alphitobius diaperinus (Panzer) on establishment of the predaceous beetle Carcinops pumilio (Erichson) for Musca domestica control in caged-layer poultry houses Academic Article uri icon


  • Understanding the insect natural history in a caged-layer poultry house is essential to developing Integrated Pest Management strategies. In this study we observed the interaction of three insects commonly found in poultry manure: a filth fly predator, Carcinops pumilio (Erichson) (Histeridae), and two poultry pests, the house fly, Musca domestica L. (Muscidae), and the darkling beetle, Alphitobius diaperinus (Panzer) (Tenebrionidae). Manure samples were collected weekly and the insects were extracted using Berlese-Tullgren funnels. Collected insects were identified to species and life stage. When C. pumilio populations equaled or exceeded those of the larval house fly, subsequent adult house fly populations were not considered pestiferous. C. pumilio adult and larval cohorts varied significantly among poultry houses. Few C. pumilio larvae were found in houses with abundant darkling beetle populations, suggesting a negative impact on the establishment of C. pumilio. Laboratory studies confirmed that larval darkling beetles significantly reduce the survival of C. pumilio eggs and larvae. Adult darkling beetles did not reduce C. pumilio egg or larval survival.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Watson, D. W., Kaufman, P. E., Rutz, D. A., & Glenister, C. S.

citation count

  • 6

complete list of authors

  • Watson, DW||Kaufman, PE||Rutz, DA||Glenister, CS

publication date

  • January 2001