Gone in 60 seconds: Sub-lethal Effects of Metofluthrin Vapors on Behavior and Fitness of Resistant and Field Strains of Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae). Academic Article uri icon


  • Spatial repellents can reduce fecundity and interrupt oviposition behavior in Aedes aegypti. Yet, it is unclear if short exposure times, resistant phenotypes, and other aspects of spatial repellents can impact these effects on mosquito reproduction. To address these issues, pyrethroid susceptible, pyrethroid resistant, and field strains of Ae. aegypti were used to evaluate the extent to which fecundity and oviposition behavior are affected following metofluthrin exposure. Mosquitoes were exposed for 60 s to a sub-lethal dose (LC30) of metofluthrin before blood feeding and allowed 72 h to become gravid before evaluation in an oviposition bioassay for an additional 72 h. Metofluthrin-exposed susceptible, field, and to a lesser extent resistant strain Ae. aegypti showed oviposition across fewer containers, less egg yield, less egg viability, and reduced larval survivorship in hatched eggs compared to unexposed cohorts. Susceptible mosquitoes retained some eggs at dissection following bioassays, and in one case, melanized eggs retained in the female. Treated resistant and field strain F1 larvae hatched significantly earlier than unexposed cohorts and resulted in increased larval mortality in the first 3 d after oviposition. Upon laying, the treated field strain had incompletely melanized eggs mixed in with viable eggs. The treated field strain also had the lowest survivorship of larvae reared from bioassay eggs. These results indicate that metofluthrin could succeed in reducing mosquito populations via multiple mechanisms besides acute lethality. With the available safety data, pre-existing spatial repellent registration, and possibilities for other outdoor delivery methods, metofluthrin is a strong candidate for transition into broader mosquito abatement operations.

published proceedings

  • J Med Entomol

altmetric score

  • 3

author list (cited authors)

  • Bibbs, C. S., Bloomquist, J. R., Hahn, D. A., Kaufman, P. E., & Xue, R.

citation count

  • 6

complete list of authors

  • Bibbs, Christopher S||Bloomquist, Jeffrey R||Hahn, Daniel A||Kaufman, Phillip E||Xue, Rui-De

publication date

  • June 2019